Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour among fisherfolks in Ajaokuta and Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria
Keywords:HIV/AIDS, Fisherfolks, Nigeria
Fisherfolks are known to be vulnerable to HIV infection because of their involvement in risky sexual practices. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the knowledge of HIV and AIDS as well as sexual behaviour of fisherfolks in Ajaokuta and Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria. This study was a cross sectional study in design. Systematic random sampling was used to select and allocate 208 respondents in which there were 103 respondents in Ajaokuta and 105 respondents in Lokoja LGAs, Kogi State, Nigeria. Data were collected using a pretested interviewer administered questionnaire which included questions for eliciting the following information: socio-demographic characteristics; sexual behaviour; a 21 point HIV and AIDS knowledge that has scores of <10, ≥10-15 and >15 which were categorized as poor, fair and good respectively. Ages of respondents in Ajaokuta and Lokoja were 35.6±11.7 and 28.4±8.1 years respectively. There were 89.3% and 92.4% males in Ajaokuta and Lokoja respectively. Knowledge of fisherfolks about HIV and AIDS were 5.80±5.60 and 11.81±7.10 in Ajaokuta and Lokoja respectively with respondents in Lokoja having higher knowledge of HIV and AIDS than their counterpart in Ajaokuta. Fisherfolks that had two or more sexual partners apart from their spouses were 32.0% and 21.0% in Ajaokuta and Lokoja respectively. The study revealed that the fisherfolks in Ajaokuta had poor knowledge of HIV and AIDS. Also, the fisherfolks were involved in risky sexual practices while some of them were not using condom. HIV and AIDS prevention intervention are recommended to improve knowledge about HIV/AIDS and reduce risky sexual activities in this population
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